Newly revealed document seems to confirm that Ryoma and Kogoro faced off in kenjutsu match in Edo

A newly revealed document shows that Sakamoto Ryoma lost a kenjutsu match to Katsura Kogoro of Choshu by a score 2 points to 3 points, at the Tosa Han residence in Kajibashi, Edo, on Ansei 4/3/1 (1857). The tournament has been discussed in history books, novels and other media over the years. Until now it was suspected that perhaps it never really took place. This document changes that perspective.

The Japanese media seems to be making a big deal out of the fact that Ryoma lost the match to Kogoro, which I think is a bit ridiculous. Both were highly skilled swordsmen. Losing (or winning) one match doesn’t amount to very much, in my view.

非常に興味深い!ですが二人とも優れた剣士だったので, 龍馬が小五郎に負けた、とは別に驚くことはありません。

[from Nihon Keizai Shimbun, Oct. 30, 2107]

Sword Exhibit Provides “Sneak Peak” of Samurai Assassins


Two of the swords brandished in the attempted assassination of British Minister to Japan, Sir Harry Parkes, in Kyoto on the afternoon of March 23, 1868, will be put on display this fall at the Kyoto National Museum, Asahi Shinbun reported on September 6, 2016. Parkes was on his way to join his counterparts from France and Holland for an historical first audience with the Emperor at the Imperial Palace, when his procession was attacked. One of the exhibited swords (above) was used by one of Parkes’ two assailants, Hayashida Sadakata, alias Sujaku Misao. The other sword belonged to Nakai Hiroshi of Satsuma, who, with a British officer, led the mounted escort to Parkes’ procession. Nakai beheaded Hayashida with his sword.

I wrote about the incident in the Epilogue of my forthcoming Samurai Assassins, to be published by McFarland during the first half of 2017. Subscribe to my newsletter or follow me on Facebook for updates about the publication including pub date, book events, giveaways, and other pertinent information.


No More “faith in truth”: A Sad Day In American History

“Nothing is true, everything is permitted,” Nietzsche quoted the “secretum” of “the invincible order of Assassins” of the “Orient” (On the Genealogy of Morals, Third Essay, sec. 24, published 1887; trans. Walter Kaufmann), with the caveat that under such circumstances there could no longer be “faith in truth.” Well, “faith in truth” in our government is out the window for We the People of the United States of America, on this first day after the 240th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence. Because it was on this day that FBI director James Comey had the audacity, the hubris, to announce that he would not recommend criminal charges against Hillary Clinton despite “extreme carelessness” in her use of private email while secretary of state, even after making clear that her actions were indeed worthy of indictment. One set of laws for the likes of Clinton, another for the other “99 percent.” A very sad day in American history.

Bernie vs. Clinton: A no-brainer, Gov. Brown

“California governor Brown endorses Clinton.” This headline today from CNN is a sore disappointment from an otherwise admirable politician.

I grew up in a suburb of Los Angeles in the 1960s and 70s. One of the dads on our block was Bob Moretti, speaker of the California State Assembly, the second most powerful politician in the state. Mr. Moretti, as we called him, was a great athlete (I think he said he had played football for Notre Dame). He loved to play in pick-up baseball, football and basketball games with us kids on the block. As such, he was our good friend. In 1974 he ran in the Democratic primary for governor, when he was defeated by Jerry Brown. On the night of the election, I remember seeing Moretti and Brown speaking to each other alone, seated on the curb in front of Moretti’s house, a scene that is etched in my mind forever. Bob Moretti passed away in 1984.

Jerry Brown of course became governor of California. And he admirably refused to live in the governor’s mansion. “When he became governor the first time, in the 1970s, Brown lived in a small apartment near the Capitol, sleeping on a mattress on the floor. When he wasn’t walking to work, he rode in a blue Plymouth rather than the standard limousine.” (Los Angeles Times, Oct. 16, 2015)

Fast–forward around 25 or 30 years when I saw former Governor Brown, then mayor of Oakland, California, at a reception held at the residence of the Japanese consul general in San Francisco, a mansion in the exclusive Pacific Heights neighborhood. I couldn’t resist walking up and introducing myself to the mayor, because I thought we had some common ground: I mentioned that I had seen him and Moretti sitting on the curb down the block from my house all those years ago. But more importantly, I had always admired him for his down-to-earth ways.

bernie oak 1

Yesterday I attended Bernie Sanders’ rally in Oakland. One of the highlights of his speech for me was his mention of the price of his suit, about $99, he said. Bernie has famously rejected super packs. Nor does he hold fund-raisers that cost thousands of dollars to attend. Not so Clinton, as is well publicized. On the same day that Gov. Brown announced his endorsement of Clinton, the Boston Herald reported, “Hillary Clinton will tap big-name celebrities to finance a critical last push to knock progressive stalwart Bernie Sanders out of the Democratic primary, including an appearance tonight with rock star Jon Bon Jovi at a Seaport fundraiser.” At the Sanders rally in Oakland yesterday, I saw a young woman holding up a signboard: “Unf*uck the country: Feel the BERN.”

Governor Brown, how could you endorse Clinton over Sanders?

Sakamoto Ryoma’s Sword


It is generally thought that this sword, forged by the sword smith “Yoshiyuki,” was the one that Sakamoto Ryoma had with him when he was assassinated in Kyoto on the evening of his thirty-third birthday. Even so, it has long been a point of controversy whether or not this was actually the same sword. It is housed at the Kyoto National Museum. When I first visited the museum years ago, while researching my novel Ryoma Life of a Renaissance Samurai, I was allowed to take it in my hands. At any rate, I was thrilled!

According to a May 10, 2016 article from NHK News, the Museum more or less confirms that this was indeed Ryoma’s sword.